• How They Grow in Second Grade  Is your seven-year-old normal? What's normal, anyway? Below are some general development milestones to help you understand your child's progress over the school year. Keep in mind that every child is different and may not fit perfectly into this framework.
    • Where They Are
      At seven, kids begin to calm down a bit. They:
      • Begin to reason and concentrate.
      • Worry, are self-critical, and may express a lack of confidence.
      • Demand more of their teacher's time.
      • Dislike being singled out, even for praise.
    • Where They're Going
      isn't just academics. Your child's teachers are also helping her grow socially. At seven-years-old, your child is continuing to learn about herself and others. You can help by encouraging her as she:
      • Develops a concept of herself.
      • Begins to understand others.
      • Gains respect for others.
      • Builds relationships with others.
      • Develops a sense of responsibility.
  • Your Child's Communication By the end of second grade your child should be able to do the following:
    • Listening
      • Follow 3-4 oral directions in a sequence
      • Understand direction words (e.g., location, space, and time words)
      • Correctly answer questions about a grade-level story
    • Speaking
      • Be easily understood
      • Answer more complex "yes/no" questions
      • Ask and answer "wh" questions (e.g., who, what, where, when, why)
      • Use increasingly complex sentence structures
      • Clarify and explain words and ideas
      • Give directions with 3-4 steps
      • Use oral language to inform, to persuade, and to entertain
      • Stay on topic, take turns, and use appropriate eye contact during conversation
      • Open and close conversation appropriately
    • Reading
      • Have fully mastered phonics/sound awareness
      • Associate speech sounds, syllables, words, and phrases with their written forms
      • Recognize many words by sight
      • Use meaning clues when reading (e.g., pictures, titles/headings, information in the story)
      • Reread and self-correct when necessary
      • Locate information to answer questions
      • Explain key elements of a story (e.g., main idea, main characters, plot)
      • Use own experience to predict and justify what will happen in grade-level stories
      • Read, paraphrase/retell a story in a sequence
      • Read grade-level stories, poetry, or dramatic text silently and aloud with fluency
      • Read spontaneously
      • Identify and use spelling patterns in words when reading
    • Writing
      • Write legibly
      • Use a variety of sentence types in writing essays, poetry, or short stories (fiction and nonfiction)
      • Use basic punctuation and capitalization appropriately
      • Organize writing to include beginning, middle, and end
      • Spell frequently used words correctly
      • Progress from inventive spelling (e.g., spelling by sound) to more accurate spelling


For additional information go to http://www.education.com/grade/second-grade


This information is a guide to the “typical” child. Each child is unique and achieves these mile stones in their own time. If you have any concerns regarding your child’s progress, please contact the teacher for ways to help your child to work toward achieving these mile stones.